Domesday records the heads of families, so the total population of a a settlement was probably around five times larger than the number of households recorded.
The total population of England at the time of Domesday was around 1-2 million people.
Domesday records various taxable resources:
Don't take these maps too literally - Domesday isn't always consistent about recording the same type of resource in each county.
About 10% of all the places in Domesday are recorded as "waste" (not liable for tax), usually because they had been destroyed in war.
The status of households depended on their land and resources. The largest groups recorded in 1086 are:
Other types of household are sometimes noted, including burgesses (townspeople), priests, and Frenchmen (probably a local military presence).
Don't take these maps too literally - Domesday isn't always consistent about recording the same type of data in each county.